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Total Sanitation Campaign- Haryana

INDCARE Trust values the principle of participation of the poor in decision-making and thus supports community action. The organization has practiced this in its Solid Waste Management Project supported by ILFS. The organization has used Participatory Learning Action (PLA) / Logical Framework Analysis (LFA) / Knowledge Attitude Practices (KAP), Participatory Reflection & Review Process (PRRP) etc exercises for planning, implementation, monitoring & evaluation purposes in this programme.

In Haryana, INDCARE has worked in three districts and seven Blocks for the 'Total Sanitation Campaign'. Here INDCARE has motivated, built awareness and willingness among the people for the construction of more than Eight thousand five hundred toilets. This programme is being implemented with the help of the Department of Rural Development and Panchayats, Government of Haryana. The organization is directly dealing with the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) of the concerned districts.

INDCARE has been involved in theTotal Sanitation Campaign since 2002 in collaboration with Govt of Haryana. The main thrust of the project has been on empowering community and sensitizing them towards sanitation leading to overall coverage of households for construction of individual sanitation units. Under this project, 7 Blocks of 3 districts of Haryana have been targeted which are Yamuna Nagar: Mustafabad & Radaur; Bhiwani: Bawani Khera and Gurgaon: Punhana, Nagina, Gurgaon & Pataudi.

The emphasis of this project has been on: -

  • Greater household involvement.
  • Demand responsiveness.
  • Promotion of a range of toilet options to promote increased affordability
  • Strong emphasis on IEC and social marketing.
  • Providing for stronger backup systems of trained masons & building materials through Rural Sanitary Marts and PCs.
  • Including a thrust on school sanitation as an entry point for encouraging wider acceptance of sanitation by rural masses as key strategies
  • Partnerships with Gram Panchayats, Public Health Department, DRDAs, District & Village Water & Sanitation Committees, other local NGOs, schools and anganwadies.
  • Formulation and active Involvement of SHGs and work through women actors as change-agents.
  • Seeking local support from Mahila Mandals and Youth Groups.
  • Seeking sustainable support from existing agencies working for the cause.

Identifying and motivating local popualtion to add to the sustainability component.

Garbage Management/Solid Waste Management

1. Garbage Management

A pilot project of Garbage Management as an income generation activity in Vikas Nagar (a low-income settlement of Delhi) was carried out in collaboration with Rajiv Gandhi Foundation in 1999. 2,000 households were targeted through this pilot project. This project had two integral components for effective implementation:-

  • Conducting awareness programme in the selected community to sensitize residents about health hazards of garbage
  • Formation of cleaning brigades in the community by training them and collection and segregation of garbage from targeted households

The project had such an impact on the community, that after the support was withdrawn, the project sustained on its own using community participation. Till date the project is on. This has been a remarkable achievement. The sanitation group formulated during the project not only restricted their outreach to 2,000 households initially covered, but has moved to the neighboring area of Shiv Vihar as well.

2. Composite Approach towards Solid Waste Management

INDCARE Trust in collaboration with Infrastructure Leasing And Financial services Limited started a programme for keeping the area clean and thereby preventing the deterioration of the environment under the “composite Approach towards solid waste management” project in two cities of Rajasthan namely Ajmer and Pushkar. Insight development amongst the people for the environment cause through awareness generation was the basic Philosophy behind the project. The following activities are being carried out for the realization of the goal of the project:

Objectives

Activities

  • Community mobilization
  • Capacity building
  • Community education
  • Community awareness promotion
  • Local resource mobilisation
  • Networking advocacy
  • Door to door garbage collection
  • Segregation of waste
  • Information dissemination pertaining to waste management in community
  • Institutionalization of Rag-pickers
  • Reduction of manual scavengers

The project is still continuing

3. Composite Approach towards Municipal Solid Waste

A Pilot Study project titled “Composite Approach towards Municipal Solid Waste” was completed in collaboration with WinRock India International. The proposed study is a part of Regional Environmental and Resource Planning Under the “Raising Environmental awareness of Indian cities/municipalities” Project in the selected three areas Hastsal, Okhla Industrial Area & Walled City, Ajmeri Gate in Delhi. Experiences with the Solid Waste Management of three hundred respondents were recorded with the help of questionnaires, focused group discussions and case studies.

Purpose of the study

  • To understand the socio & economic status of the community.
  • To assess the ongoing practices of the solid waste management.
  • To assess the level of understanding of the community groups on Municipal Solid Waste / environmental degradation

The focus of the study was to assess the technology options for disposal of various wastes, and to provide guidelines for institutional framework and introduction of various fiscal instruments to implement the options effectively in the near future. Need based assessment exercise was an integral component of the study to understand the various dimension pertaining to socio-cultural & economic status of the community residing in the relocated / unauthorized areas.

The purpose of the study was to assess the present status of the above mentioned relocated areas under the organizational larger objective of addressing the solid waste management problem for promoting clean and healthy streets and neighborhoods in the relocated areas, through:

  • Benchmarked improvement in removal of localized waste
  • Improved services of collection, segregation and disposal of waste by introduction of door to door collection process
  • Improved sustainability by targeted waste reduction  by sensitizing community members

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